From the first days of its foundation, the company “Bravo” is trying to convey to the consumer a quality and beautiful goods. We have offered the first fireplaces of domestic and foreign production in 2002. The trade in fireplaces and accessories allowed us to study the market and the demand of our compatriots well. Therefore, the next step was the acquisition of Italian stone processing equipment. Since 2005, the company “Bravo” is confidently leading in the market of production, arrangement and sale of fireplaces.
Marble – animated stone
Its beauty is impervious to time. For thousands years nature toiled, layer by layer, on creating this unique rock. Throughout centuries marble embodies not only the sovereign beauty of nature and its generous gifts, but also the talent of artists that transformed the nature rock into inimitable in its refinement of forms works of art.
Up to this day successors of great artists continue to marvel us with amazing marble creations, transcending its nature beauty, greatness and solidity. It’s the ways of processing the marble surface that make it so unique. It can have many faces: from polished like a mirror to artificially aged, with surface erosion and uneven edges.
No wonder that stone is called the most long-lasting construction material – buildings made of the natural stone can survive practically forever, if they were treated according to all rules. Just remember such creations as ancient Egyptian pyramids or legendary Stonehenge. Stone-treating technologies developed throughout centuries. Contemporary stone processing machinery reduced the time of work, but keeps the quality at the same high level, so in the final product this stone truly shines in all its beauty and becomes the work of art.
The genuine color of marble is white, but because of complex geological history white marble is rare nowadays. During the unstopping processes in the bowels of Earth, clean stone deposits were penetrated, mixed with flows and melts with other chemical composition, so in result stone is pierced with stripped, moiré, spotted and fibrous patterns on grey, yellow, pink, green, blue, red and even dark-blue substratum.
There are a lot of superstitions about this stone, including architectural ones. For example, it is considered that dark kinds are more resistible to nature disasters, and extracted in South stones better not to use in North.
In real life, things are quite different. Natural marble and fine-crystalline marble-like limestone, regardless of color and place of extraction, can stand both coldness and heat. Massive Carrara marble statues symbolizing Nile and Tiber, that nowadays decorate the stairs of Rome city government, can serve as a great example for it. They’re almost two thousand years old, and yet they’re in perfect condition.
Italian cathedrals and palaces, Turkish mosques, gardens and hothouses – they all are true marble museums. Just look at the Venice St. Mark’s cathedral, where practically every column was made from different kind of marble, or Topkapi sultan residence in Istanbul, generously decorated with carved stone! In St. Petersburg there is even the whole building made from marble, called The Marble Museum. But the most outstanding marble creation, without a doubt, is Taj Mahal – burial vault of late wife of Shah Jahan, “Ruler of Everywhere”. For 22 years 20 thousand of constructors, bricklayers, marble cutters and jewelers worked upon it. According to the project, on the opposite side of the river Jamna there was suppose to be its black marble copy, the burial vault for Shah Jahan himself, and bridge of multicolored marble was supposed to connect them. But son of the ruler, concerned with treasury exhaustion, cancelled the project. Still, Taj Mahal proves and demonstrates prominent architectural and constructional potential of marble.
Unique natural qualities of marble allow combining it with different ways of processing, that widens the area of usage of this material. Various marble creations like columns, balusters, stone portals, table tops, windowsill, stairs and others will easily fit into any interior.
The use of marble in home decorating
The most popular natural stone products, ordered in European countries and USA, include:
- making table-tops for kitchen (most orders)
- making slabs for bathrooms
- revet bathrooms
- making stairs
- making fireplaces
Across Europe and USA, almost every expensive house has kitchens with marble slabs. It is considered as smart investment as the product will exist long after your grandchildren.
Ukrainian companies offer practically the same set of services:
- decoration of bathrooms
- the flooring
- manufacturing and montage of stairs, slabs, bar counters, fireplaces;
- decorating the housing with artistically handled stone (columns, balusters, mosaic installations).
Price of final product usually includes the cost of materials with cutting multiplier, plus making the front-faced profile of butt-end edge (running meter) and cost of additional works (cutting holes etc.)
The front-face profiles are variable. Price depends on complexity of manufacturing.
Such works are available:
Speaking about natural stone cost, the range of prices is very wide. Facing slabs of marble and granite, depending on type and size (300х600х20; 305х305х10 and others), may cost $45 per square meter, whereas 1 sq.m. of polished slab will cost $130. Sometimes the billet of a slab may cost lower, meaning there are size restrictions, e.g. 1500х600 or 2500х1200, and they’re beneficial to buy if the size of the product does not exceeding it.
Nothing can bring a pleasant heating to your house,besides a fireplace
The system includes:
- Fire closed-type furnace with glass
- Structure of fireplace with convection contour – heat isolated capacity with fire furnace inside, where the main heat exchange takes place – heat-transfer agent obtaining heat from hot furnace
- Decorated part of fireplace (front view, portal)
- System of heat-insulated channels (air output) for heat distribution among house rooms
- Decorative grating in places of hot air output (regulated or non-regulated)
- Optional system of convection air pump (built in furnace or detached unit)
So what aspects are important in choosing components of heating system? Let’s take a look at various implementations of this system in modern house:
Modern fireplaces are quite powerful heating devices. Depending on size, model and heating mode their power vary from 3 to 20 kilowatt, and this helps to build very flexible and comfortable heating system. It’s worth mentioning that power for furnaces is distinguished between reduced mode (with minimal air ventilation), nominal and maximum power. What does this mean? In reduced mode, fire screen is practically closed, air entry is decreased, and slow burning takes place with smoldering in last phase, and minimal heat emission (defined for every model separately). In this mode most modern furnaces can work with one load of firewood (3-8 kg) quite long – 6-12 hours with power of 3-6 kilowatts. If furnace is working in this mode up to 8 hours, it is classified as furnaces with intermittent burning, if more than 8 hours – prolonged burning. In this mode maximum efficiency output is reached (up to 70-80%). Next mode – nominal (with medium air ventilation), the ratio between furnace power level and power efficiency is optimal, power is at 6-15 kilowatts and power efficiency is at 60-70%. Average heating time in this mode depending on model can last for 5-10 hours. Maximum mode responds to maximum air ventilation for getting maximum heat, that can be produced by a furnace. Of course the disposal of the fuel depends on air ventilation and heating power and can vary from 0.3 to 4 kg per hour. As you can see, furnace characteristics can vary dramatically, and manufacturers usually mention the maximum mode in documentation. Your task is to find out the characteristics of nominal mode, as the most popular. Still, check other modes as well – minimal will show how economical your furnace can be (maximum time of heating with one fuel load), and maximal will show the maximal heating potential in case of quick heating necessity or intensive heating in winter.
Based on compartment necessity in heating the needed power level for heating Your house can be calculated. Of course this index is strongly depends on level of house heat insulation, but usually with average level of insulation and average ceiling height of 2.8 meters, the standard is 1 kilowatt per 10 square meters of space. Hence the furnace with average power 10 kilowatts can comfortably heat the space of about 100 square meters.